Persuasive Essay Topics of Today and Yesterday: Kitchen
Garbage Makes The Best Soap
The earth changes. Man does not. Witness the modern and
strange concept of pure mild, sweet smelling soap, which is so
luxurious on your skin that you will swear it was made from
filtered milk and honey...
The World of the Now
A man walks into his local grocery store, grocery list in
hand, which includes pizza, beer, modernistic microwave dinners,
popcorn, beer, and pizza. However, his mind is on his odor. He
worries that his delicate aroma after a long day at the softball
field will discourage amour and along with that, lovemaking with
his girlfriend. (Married men worry less about this.) His eyes
dart back and forth searching for his sweet smelling, luscious,
99/100% pure bath soap, so that he can bathe and become luscious
smelling and pleasing to the female olafactor.
Were the softball player to put a little study into the
matter, perhaps he would be a bit more shy about selecting his
choice of delicious smelling manly soaps.
Modern bath soap is a modern triumph of engineering. Just as
the lowly organ grinder's organ, once a simple instrument,
slowly but surely grew into the Cray Mainframe computer, the
most powerful computer on earth, so did soaps become ever more
complicated. Once little more than the result of mixing a little
pig lard with some hardwood ashes, today, the chemical list in
some soaps could might some day create living protoplasm, if
left undisturbed at the bottom of some forgotten landfill, long
after mankind has been forced to take to rocket ships to leave
this poor planet due to global warming.
This article does not presume to tell you, the dear reader,
to abandon soap. Far from it. In some cases, due to its ever
increasing components, always evolving, changing, and getting
more expensive, it might actually spur beneficial mutations. In
the meantime, have you ever wondered what our distant walking,
talking, animated kith and kin used to make their soap?
Surely, you don't think they used only lard and wood ashes...
The World of the Then
Along about October of 1903 prosperous folks were just
arising from their nightly slumbers to read of the marvelous new
inventions coming their way. It must have been very exciting to
know that the whole world was in front of them! Typhus,
earthquakes, influenza. Stuff like that. But there was also the
Ford, aeroplanes, and World War I. Yes, it was a very exciting
time to be walking, talking, and being animated and vertical.
That being the case, consider the strange case soap presented
below. Let's take a peek back. Shall we?
Research material for this portion was plundered from the
very defunct Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger October 16,
1916. The original text has been rewritten, but the essence
Author: Staff Writer
UTILIZATION OF REFUSE
The City's Garbage Note Has a Commercial Value.
The housewife hears the janitor's "Hello!" up the dumbwaiter
shaft. Dinner is over, and, with the aid of Jennie, the
twelve-year-old daughter, she has washed and wiped the dishes.
Jennie was so anxious to go down to the Sullivans's flat to see
Mary Sullivan's new hat that she even hurried her mother through
the evening task.
"Hello, fourth floor, front:" re-echoes up the shaft- There
i.s the slapping sound of pulley ropes as they sway back and
forth in hoist in the dumbwaiter. Presently the "silent
monitor,'" as Boston flat dwellers are said to call it, emerged
from the depths of its seclusion and stopped opposite the opened
"I'm glad that's out of the way," said the daughter, as she
placed a pail of kitchen refuse on the shelf of the dumbwaiter
and slammed the door "That's what I hate about housekeeping; I
just hate cleaning up. I don't mind cooking and marketing, but
the dirt and the grease-- oh! I'll never get married. No; not
unless I can live in a hotel and unless"---
The mother interrupted the girl to tell her she might change her
opinions later in life, but Jennie began again:
"Just look at my hands," as she began to scrub them in the suds
of some colored soap, she continued;
"What will Tim Sullivan think of my hands anyway? The old
dishwater makes them red, and I have to scrub and scrub to get
the grease off. Mamma, we must get some more of this violet
colored soap. It smells so sweet!"
Little does Jennie
know, nor many another girl with decided views on marriage
and house keeping know, that the grease from the kitchen comes
back to them after many days as dainty toilet soaps. One they
say they "hate the sight of." The other is "just lovely." One is
an expense to get rid of. for the rent includes what the real
estate man euphoniously calls 'hall service.- The other is an
expense to buy.
Man in imitating nature is more and more exceeding in
utilizing what a spendthrift calls waste. Invention is
economizing to-day what yesterday was thrown into the garbage
pail or the sewer. The by-products of ore and oil, of wood and
coal, are becoming more and more numerous. The crude petroleum
oil nowadays not only furnishes kerosene,
naphtha, tar, vaseline and many more commercially important
articles, but, as one grammar school boy said recently: The
by-product of universities is obtained nowadays from oil."
In the evolution of soap making it has been discovered that
grease from kitchens can be refined and clarified to as high a
degree as any other animal fat. Soaps made from such humble
ingredients, manufacturers, say, are as clean and wholesome as
other soaps, if the refining process is carried on long enough
It is for this reason that the kitchen cleanings of the
larger cities of the United States are no longer thrown away to
become a menace to health, but are "utilized," as the man of the
trade terms it.
In this city, as in Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore, the
vast amount of garbage is carried away to "conversion plants"
and transformed into marketable products. The business employs
as skilful methods as it does euphonious terms. There is as
little odor of what the vulgar call garbage in a "conversion
plant" as there is any suggestion of unpleasantness in the words
"utilization," the name of the process; "digesters," the huge
vats in which the refuse is boiled, or "screenings," the name
applied to hairpins, sails, corset steels, watch springs, pieces
of old bottles, or other stray relics of civilization, which may
have escaped detection until this final stage.
In the winter eight hundred thousand tons of garbage are
removed from the houses in Manhattan and Brooklyn, and in the
summer, when New-Yorkers buy and take home the season's produce
of fruits, melons and vegetables the kitchens of these boroughs
cast out 1,800,000 tons. All this vast output is cared for by
one company, whose scows take it at the various dumping places
along the North and East rivers and carry it away to its plant
at Barren Island. The utilization of the garbage of the other
boroughs will soon be conducted in the same manner. The city
pays $1132,000 a year for the disposal of the Manhattan garbage,
$47,000 for that of Brooklyn and $54 a day for that of The
Bronx. The garbage of Richmond and Queens boroughs is reduced to
asses at the present time in crematories, but will soon be
utilized as soon a plants are perfected.
Should one visit the utilization at Barren Island, New York,
or on the east bank of the Schuylkill River, Philadelphia, he
would find that it is not the ill smelling place he had
anticipated. The air, instead, is filled with an odor a little
like licorice, a little like caramel. A scow unloads on tho
shore and its contents are carried up a long incline, by means
of the ever ascending cross arms of two endless chains. At the
top of the building it slides along a conveyer, to be dumped
into long rows of cylindrical vats with conical bases. Each is
called a "digester," and holds eight to ten tons. When partly
filled water is added and the chamber is closed tight. At the
same time steam is turned on, and the watery mass is permitted
to boil for six hours.
The cooking completed, a workman turns a stopcock at tho
bottom of tho digester, and the boiling contents drop into a
receptacle below. This is not seen, and only a few sports of
steam show where the connecting chambers are not wholly
airtight. The receivers have bottoms that slant in toward the
bottom, where through holes much of the water is drained off.
This is collected in tanks and the grease is skimmed off. It is
now called "stick water."
The solid mass is carried away on another set of conveyors to
presses. It is squeezed until the last drop runs out of the
"cheeses." From this liquid arises a great amount of grease,
which is also drained off. The residue is then dried, broken up
into line particles, screened and sold as fertilizer, if a high
grade of fertilizer is wanted, the fluffy, brown product, which
is called tankage, is soaked in the stick water, and then dried
again. This final product is back, and contains considerably
more ammonia and potash than the brown product. It has smell
like burnt sugar. From 100 tons taken from the scow, 70 per cent
is water, 3 per cent is grease and 25 per cent is fertilizer.
The coarser tankage, which is about - per cent of the total
product, and which cannot be used to enrich the soil of orchard
or pasture, is used as fuel to furnish the plant with power.
In such a soap factory the oil is mixed with an alkali,
together with tallow, cocoa oil, linseed oil and perfumery, in a
tank holding about forty thousand pounds. It is boiled every
other day for a week. only a skilled soap maker, who has watched
these alternate boilings and coolings, can tell when this stage
of the process is complete. Then the fluid is pumped into
crotching machines, consisting of iron cylinders with pockets of
cold running water, where the soap is hardened. The manufacturer
now dries his product, cuts it by machinery, which will crate a
hundred cakes with one stroke, stamps it with his brand, wraps
it with a covering, either of paper or tinfoil, as becomes its
quality, and ships it to all parts of the world. Thus many a ton
of soap comes back to this port from across the sea which might
say, had it speech and sentiment, "Behold the land of my an
Here at Persuasive Essay Topics of Today and Yesterday we're giddy
with pleasure to bring you the great news about household soaps
including the ever popular trash soap. The ancient peoples of
1903 may have been a bit dense about certain modern things like
soap on a rope, but they knew the soap they had. They knew that
with enough hard work, inventiveness, arm sweat, and perfume,
they could turn garbage into a more or less great wash. The
astronauts drink their own reprocessed urine. Have we actually
come so far?
Persuasive Essay Topics of Today and Yesterday is written by the dynamic team
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poignant website about the common
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